I highly underestimated Jibhi, especially when looking for my first long exposure waterfall shot.
However, the Jibhi Waterfall had turned things around & I wasn’t expecting it.
So now, let’s go into the flashback.
The lockdown was a difficult phase for all of us.
But if you had utilized that period in developing your skills. Then the time had come to go out in the field by following the safety measures & rock it.
I had also visited Jibhi in Himachal earlier, but the mindset was different this time.
You had landed here because you wanted to learn how to create those smooth and silky-looking waterfalls right. Then please hang on till the last. I had explained in complete detail how to achieve those long-exposure waterfall shots.
But first, we will get to know a bit about the location heading for our long-exposure waterfall photography.
Table of Contents
Jibhi Waterfall is a small waterfall in Jibhi, district Banjar in Himachal Pradesh. It would be just a few minutes of walk away from your stay, wherever you stay in Jibhi.
At last, you can take your car to reach the waterfalls because there’s a small hike. If you are not comfortable walking up the hill, you must take your vehicle along. You can park your car outside the entrance of the waterfalls.
There’s so much space outside to park your vehicle also means you will be spotting very few people inside.
Ample of time, you would have to take a long exposure waterfall shot or small stream, whichever you’ll find fascinating.
More importantly, there are no entrance fees to visit the Jibhi Waterfall.
The small water streams in-between had mesmerized me that I stayed at a point for about a few hours.
So, this was a bit of the location.
It’s time to know more; what is Long Exposure Photography? What equipment or gear do you need to achieve that?
Long Exposure Photography
Long Exposure Photography is a technique of showing something in movement. A movement could be of anything like clouds, humans, vehicles, water, etc. In this technique, you have to open your camera’s shutter speed for about a few or several seconds.
Fireworks Photography is also a perfect example of long exposure, in which you can also control the shutter speed using a bulb mode.
Let me just quickly recall you –
You must have clicked long exposure images on your phone (deliberately) but not (intentionally).
For e.x – The shot of a person has been stretched to make it look like a hazy movement itself.
I hope you can re-image that scene or what I am trying to convey. The shot got deliberately clicked because you were unaware of the result, but you had a mindset of pausing the person in the frame, correct?
We will be talking about doing it intentionally so that it should look neat and clean at the same time.
Things Required for Taking Long Exposure Waterfall Shot
I will be explaining in point the items required for long exposure waterfall Shot –
1. DSLR Camera
A DSLR is a must requirement, and it could be any DSLR. Even basic would work perfectly. If you have a high-end smartphone, the camera shows the manual options to manage your exposure triangle, Shutter Speed, Aperture & ISO. I recommend having or carrying a DSLR for the long-exposure waterfall shot.
There’s no doubt that today’s smartphone has become more advanced. It can almost do everything that a DSLR offers.
Still, there’s a lot that only a DSLR can do because it was explicitly designed for that purpose compared to the multipurpose smartphone.
Huff, a long topic speech
A DSLR is a must to carry.
2. Basic Knowledge of the Exposure Triangle
After completing the first requirement of having a DSLR, the next would be to know about the exposure triangle.
Any hands-on experience would be Awesome. But, somehow, if you are not aware, I recommend you hold some basic knowledge about the exposure triangle. You can self-learn the basics of landscape photography or even photography.
I hope that you will be going to take a read before jumping on the next step.
3. A Neutral Density Filter (ND Filter)
We had started from the basic requirements; we had jumped onto a little advanced process. But, no need to worry. I will explain what an ND filter is and What it does? And how you can utilize it to your benefit in long exposure.
What is an ND Filter?
In simple words, An ND filter stops the outside light from hitting your camera sensor. The stoppage of light depends upon the type of ND filter you will be using. They are identified as ND4, ND8, ND16, and so on. With an increase in ND number, the sensor’s light would decrease proportionally.
ND filters are effective in long exposure waterfall shots in the daylight because the conditions will be very bright, and ND will stop the light from reaching your camera sensor. That allows you to bring out the creativity of opening exposure for a prolonged period.
That allows you to shoot long exposure photographs even in bright daylight. But, of course, it also depends upon the ND you will be using.
For e.x- I will be considering an ND8 for this example
Before using an ND –
Shutter speed = 1/3 sec
Aperture = f/13
ISO – 400
After using an ND8 –
Shutter Speed = 2″ sec
Aperture = f/13 (keeping aperture value constant)
ISO – 400 (keeping ISO constant)
In short, this implies that you can increase your shutter speed with ND filters without adjusting any other values.
You have to calculate adjustments while you are in the field. If you know the basics of dealing with the exposure triangle, you will rock it.
4. A Circular Polariser Filter (CPL Filter)
That entirely depends upon whether you need a Circular Polariser filter.
What is a CPL Filter?
In simple words, a CPL filter enhances the color of the scene. A circular filter will be circular & it works by rotating the filter after attaching it to the front part of the lens. The rotation of the filter will increase & decrease the intensity of the color.
A CPL also stops some portion of light. (Depending upon which brand CPL you will be using)
A CPL filter can make the sky color blue look more intense.
5. A Tripod
Using a tripod is a must. At least in the cases where you will take quite long exposure waterfall shots. A Tripod gives your camera stability & support. Especially when you are doing Long Exposure Photography, you don’t want any shake that eventually spoils your scene and efforts.
It’s also a rule of thumb to reverse the focal length and anything below. You have to use a Tripod. I know it sounded confusing?
For e.x – if you’re using a focal length of 18mm and, on the reverse, it becomes 1/18th. If you’re shooting anything below 1/18th shutter speed with the 18mm focal length, you have to use a Tripod.
If you will not use a tripod, the chances of the image getting blurry would probably increase.
These are the essential points in taking balanced Long Exposure Shots.
Optimal Long Exposure Waterfall Settings
The optimal extended exposure waterfall setting depends on your creativity and what you want to showcase.
The best way to start is around 1/2 sec of shutter speed. Then, make necessary adjustments in shutter speed as you move forward.
Coming to Applying the Long Exposure Waterfall Shots at Jibhi Waterfall
I was shooting long exposure waterfall shots for the first time, as I had already told you before in this article.
I was pre-planned in my mind already after checking the images online & visualizing the scene.
One more thing that’s more important is getting to the location and spending some time there before you start shooting. It will help you analyze the scene and get comfortable with the surroundings.
The shot above was from the stream of water flowing from the waterfalls.
The surroundings of the waterfalls don’t allow much light to enter the area.
It’s an added advantage that the outside light will be less. That means you can shoot even more Long Exposure because of the two situations –
- Less Outside Natural Light
- Using Neutral Density Filter & Polariser Filter
The exact settings used for the shot above – Shutter speed, i.e., S – 10s, Aperture, i.e., f/36, & ISO – 100, ND8 & Circular Polariser Filters
In this case, I used an ND8. It allowed me to reduce the Shutter Speed + a Polariser. It helped me decrease the shutter speed by 2-3 stops. And it enhanced the colors in the scene.
I will be concluding this in a step by step process now –
1. Trial & Error
The first few shots were going to be trial & error shots because:
- First, you must match the exposure triangle that will suit the conditions best.
- Actually, for how long do you want the shutter to remain open.
You can judge the waterfall speed and available lighting conditions & then you can try shooting the long exposure waterfall shots.
2. Shot & Look Back into the Camera
Are you satisfied with what you had shot? I think these are the questions that you need to ask yourself. I want that you should criticize yourself. Try to find the mistakes yourself because the outer world will not do this for you.
The best way to go is to shoot at different shutter speeds. Then choose the optimal shutter speed on which the image looks the way you want it should look & then experiment around that Shutter speed.
3. Shot with different Angles and Focal Lengths
Shooting with different angles & focal lengths will give your image a viewpoint that you can experiment around. Zoom-in and close-ups would also work if you had something in mind that you wanted to convey from this point of view.
4. Use ND Filter & Polariser Filter Accordingly
It would help if you first tried to shoot without any filter and decide whether you get optimal results.
If not, try shooting with an ND filter. You can carry a bunch of ND filters and then shoot and decide if that has worked out for you or not. Then, try adjusting the shutter speed with other ND filters.
Also, you can combine both ND & CPL filters. They both together will do their work of stopping the light from hitting the sensor.
You could use a Circular filter to enhance the colors in the field itself. The CPL filter works to improve the sky and foliage colors. So, you can experiment the way you want with the filters.
5. Enjoy your time
Just enjoy your time, do wholeheartedly & with dedication. Whether you’re doing Long Exposure Waterfall Photography or spending some time alone in the peace. I want you to enjoy the feeling of creating something.
You might have done the Long Exposures before also (If you did). There’s also a possibility that if you are reading this article. You’re a pro in Long Exposures.
Feel the vibes of nature around the Jibhi waterfall or any other waterfall you will visit. Just enjoy your day there and keep clicking & improving.
In the end, I just wanted to summarise that keep learning. Keep learning doesn’t mean that you’ll get fixed at one place and reading & reading.
Instead, try to observe the happenings around your surroundings and utilize your surroundings to your use.
And don’t forget to practice long exposure waterfall shots before heading out in the field. Creating a scene in the head is directly related to getting the optimal result.
I hope that the article has helped you & I solved your problem of learning long exposure photography of the waterfall.
Please share & follow the blog.
Keep Learning, Keep Growing, Keep Practising
Until then, see you on the roads.